Germany | Bayern

Zurück zur Suche

Internationale Partnersuche

Forschung & Entwicklung Anfrage

Spanish university seeks partners for Horizon 2020 proposal in the areas of Border and External Security (BES) of the WP Secure societies

Country of Origin: Spain
Reference Number: RDES20180613001
Publication Date: 13 June 2018

Summary

A Spanish based Horizon 2020 consortium seeks to improve the current data collection and processing mechanisms at the EU border controls with the objective of establishing a tool that will allow centralizing all information collected when migrants enter the EU territory and use it jointly by all Member States. The consortium is looking for an entity with technological expertise in designing IT tools for the management of migration movements. Tòpic SU-DRS01-2019 from WP Secure Societies.

Description

Overview

One of the priorities of the EU today is to find ways to better enhance border and migration management and internal security. A great part of the information collected at the EU borders remains in national databases or, in the best-case scenario, it is introduced in one of the existing EU information systems (e.g. Eurodac, VIS…). The data collected is only used for identification purposes, and it ultimately determines whether a migrant is in a regular or irregular situation, according to EU laws.

If migrants are regular, they are given a residence permit in the country of entry, or in the case of asylum seekers, they may be relocated in another Member State, as long as they request so and it is legally possible. Yet, no further check of the actual integration possibilities in that host country is conducted. Similarly, if migrants are identified as irregular, they are automatically returned to the countries where they come from, with no further supervision of their fate or labour opportunities in those countries of origin.

Regarding regular migrants, it has been found that successful integration into their host society is essential to maximise the opportunities afforded by legal migration. In order to achieve that, many factors have to be taken into account. For instance, the professional background and language skills of migrants are important for their integration, and so are the age, ethnic background, and the labour conditions of the host country.

As for irregular migrants, many international organisations and NGOs have been working on projects that seek to enhance integration and labour opportunities for returned migrants into their countries of origin. This is possible by studying the profile of those migrants and identifying the right locations where returned migrants could be able to integrate and find a job. In order to do that, many criteria should be taken into account: age, ethnic and professional background of the individual, labour conditions, demography, existing aid projects in the territory, etc.

Project

The project seeks to improve the current data collection and processing mechanisms at the EU border controls, by a tool that will allow centralizing all information collected when migrants enter the EU territory and use it jointly by all Member States. It mainly seeks to facilitate the integration of regular migrants in the host countries among the 28 and offering better conditions for returned migrants in their countries of origin.

The goal is to develop a data-driven algorithm to optimize the process by which regular /irregular migrants are assigned to locations within or outside the EU. Such an algorithm will mine other multiple historical cases and will detect systematic patterns. Therefore, when individual characteristics of the new migrant will be introduced, it will check in what territory previous migrants with a similar profile have successfully integrated and it will also give a description of the labour opportunities, integration policies, public sentiment in the area, demography of the territory, and all other relevant information.
In order to decrease the number of irregular migrants in the EU, this IT system will also collect data of the situation in the major countries of origin where migrants come from, with the aim of understanding the reasons why those migrants decide to leave their countries. It will also identify projects and initiatives in those countries in which the EU could participate, and that would improve life and labour opportunities there.

Partnerships
It should be an IT platform developer. Additional partners have not been contacted yet.

The project proposal will be submitted to Horizon 2020 WP Secure Societies under the topic SU-DRS01-2019: Human factors, and social, societal, and organisation aspects for disaster-resilient societies.

Call Deadline: 22/08/2019
EOI Deadline: 30/09/2018
Estimated duration of the project: 36 weeks

Expertise sought

The company or entity will have the technical background in designing IT tools to create an IT-platform for the management of migration movement. It will then combine the data obtained from different sources. This will centralize in one single information system all relevant data for managing migration flows. The IT tool will: 

1. Facilitate regular migrants’ distribution among the Member States guaranteeing their better integration possibilities.
2. Offer solutions in the countries of origin for those migrants who need to be returned.

Besides, the IT tool will require an architectural specification (scenarios, requirements, versions), platform development and implementation, and also validation, evaluation and trials by the designated end-users. The Universal Message Format (UMF) will be the technical language used to access the data, according to draft Interoperability Regulation.

Stage Of Development

Proposal under development

Requested partner

There are 2 kinds of partner sought: 

1. Company or organisation with technological background and expertise in designing and/or creating IT tools with characteristics specified in the following role:

Creation of an IT-platform for the management of migration movement. The main output is to create an IT tool that centralises all relevant data regarding integration possibilities in the EU and in migrants’ origin countries and that improves integration outcomes of migrants or their re-integration in origin countries via algorithms and machine learning techniques.

The purposes of the IT tool are:
• Improving the integration of regular migrants.
• Optimising relocation within the EU and integration of asylum seekers and refugees.
• Facilitating return of rejected asylum seekers and their re-integration, and
• Determining the routes of irregular migrants and smugglers.
It will combine the data obtained from different sources. This will centralize in one single information system all relevant data for managing migration flows. The aim is 1) facilitating regular migrants’ distribution among the Member States and guaranteeing their better integration possibilities, and 2) offering solutions in the countries of origin for those migrants who need to be returned. The platform will consist of three algorithms: one for optimising refugees’ relocation and the overall integration of regular migrants, another algorithm regarding the deportation regime, increasing the guarantees and opportunities of irregular migrants that are returned to their countries of origin; and another to determine the routes of irregular migrants and smugglers.

2- Company or organisation with previous experience in examining migration dynamics in the countries of origin and in the prediction of migration flows:

It will specifically examine the situation in the major countries of origin of European immigrants and develop measures for the improved recognition and control of migratory movements. For that purpose, this company will assess the reasons why potential migrants decide to leave their countries, which resides on a lack of economic prospects at home for large parts of the migrant population include a threat of armed conflict and inefficient political institutions.
Examining the migration decisions from the country of origin, and suggesting ways to create local economic developments in those countries are two core objectives of this study. It will also analyse specific aspects like the relationship between inequality in the origin country and emigration. It will help identify why migrants seek to arrive in the EU in the first place, and how people from different strata of society choose different options to enter destination countries (e.g., permanent and temporary work visa, study visa, different forms of irregular migration). Besides, it can help to guarantee better ways of returning those who ended up as irregular migrants in the EU.

The milestone for this study is to have a clear picture of the reasons why migrants choose to leave their countries of origin to live in a Member State, taking into account all the factors examined in this part of the study.

Dissemination Countries

Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Sweden, Slovenia, Slovakia

Cooperation offer ist closed for requests